PRODUCTION OF PAINT

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Paint is one of the most commercial products out there, it is in high demand both locally and internationally. We shall discuss how to produce paints of different kinds, emulsions, text coat, and satin paints production. We shall discuss the commercial and personal purpose method of production. (large and small quantity)

CHEMICALS

  • Water
  • Calcium Carbonate
  • Calgon
  • P.V.A
  • Formalin
  • Colourite
  • Hydrosol
  • Nitrosol or Milocel
  • Ammonia
  • Marble dust
  • Kaolin
  • Titan or Titanium dioxide          
  • Geniple
  • Topper cap
  • Texanon
  • Aluminum Silicate

NOTE: Not all these materials/chemicals are compulsory in paint production, some are just additives to increase the quality of your paint. The most important chemicals in paint production include: Calcium, Calgon, P.V.A, Natrosol/Milocel, Formalin/Ammonia, Deformer.

 FUNCTION OF THESE CHEMICALS

  • WATER: it is used to mixing powdered chemicals together.
  • CALGON: Is a powdery chemical used as water softener.
  • CALCIUM CARBONATE (CaCO3): it is powdery chemical, it is the major paint extender, it allows your paint to cover wider range and it an active chemical in emulsion paint and textcoat paint and Screeding paint production. Note: Calcium is of two types, one is white while the other off white. The white is used in the production of white paint while the off white is used in the production of coloured paints.
  • P.V.A: this is use as an anti-dusting, it’s one of the most important chemicals in paint production, it binds other chemicals in paint together, without P.V.A there is no paint, a quality paint have sufficient amount of P.V.A.
  • FORMALIN: serve as a preservative.
  • COLOURITE: this is an important chemical in paint production. It gives paint it colors, it involves ability of mixing some colors to get desired color. We have yellow (cream), red, black, blue and green. They are all gotten from combination of one or two. During white paint production colourite is not needed. The colors are either in paste or oxide, pastes are color in condensed liquid form while oxides are in powder form. Yellow or cream color has both oxide and paste. Red and black are mostly oxide, green and blue are in paste, when producing a deep yellow color paint, you should use paste otherwise use oxide.

CAUTION: the colors most be well diluted with water before been applied, if not your paint will be having dotted stains as you roll it on the wall. It is also essential to add Calgon in your Oxides colourites, it will enhance total dissolution of the Oxide paint in water.

  • HYDROSOL: it is used to correct dullness in paint, it brings the best out of the paints.
  • NITROSOL: it is used as thickener, it holds paints together. It correct usage makes paints more durable on the wall. Milocel can be used in place of Nitrosol as it is much cheaper with almost equal efficiency with Nitrosol
  • AMMONIA: it makes paints more durable and also serve as preservatives. Usage of Ammonia most be with utmost care as it is very hazardous.
  • MARBLE DUST: it is of two types; Rough and smooth. It is mostly used in text coat paints production..
  • TITAN, TITANIUM DIOXIDE: it is a whitening powdered chemical, it makes paints to shine and avoid dullness. It is most effective in white paints. With good usage of Titan your Paint will cover well on the wall.
  • GENAPOR: Paint extender it’s help your paint to spread over a large area when painting.
  • ALUMINUM SILICATE: This is usually used in the production of brilliant white paint, it’s make the paint to be very tough and strong.

IN ALL WATER BASE PAINT YOU CAN ADD TEXANOR OR DRYCOLIN TO MAKE YOUR PAINT SHINNY

MATERIALS

  • Bucket or drum 
  • Glove
  • Stick or mixer
  • Nose marks

EMULSION PAINT

Emulsion paints are the ordinary paints that are not roughened with sand-like objects, they are popular paint around us.

For 20litre of Emulsion paint use:

  • Calcium.    ¼ bag
  • Titan……….1/4Kg
  • Calgon.      1/4Kg
  • P.V.A.         1Kg (can be increased)
  • Nitrosol or milocel 1/4Kg
  • Formalin or Ammonia ¼ liters
  • Geniple  (optional)
  • Genapor (optional)

NOTE: Increase in P.V.A and Titan makes your paint better.

PRODUCTION PROCEDURES

  • Pour water to half-fill a bucket and add calgon
  • Add titan. ensure you mix thoroughly
  • Add color after diluting the colors with little quantity of water if they’re oxide. Put the color in small ratio and continue turning until you get your desired result, you can always add more if necessary. Mix well
  • Add calcium carbonate and mix thoroughly
  • Add P.V.A to the mixture and mix thoroughly.
  •  Add NITROSOL or MILOCEL, Nitrosol and milocel are always in powdery form so it must be diluted with small water before use. Add this mixture gently, while adding ensure you’re stirring thoroughly.
  • Add formalin/ammonia. Turn very well at any addition of a new chemical. (You can use either Ammonia or Formalin or both) CAUTION: The chemicals must be added in the above order and don’t mix Ammonia and formalin together

PRODUCTION OF TEXT COAT

Text coat paint is a rough sand-like paint.

For 20litre of Text coat paint use:

  • Calcium.    ¼ bag
  • Titan……….1/4Kg
  • Calgon.      1/4Kg
  • P.V.A.         2Kg (can be increased)
  • Nitrosol or milocel 1/4Kg
  • Formalin or Ammonia ¼ liters
  • Deformer
  • Genapor

NOTE: Increase in P.V.A and Titan makes your paint better.

PRODUCTION PROCEDURES

  • Pour water to half-fill a bucket and add calgon
  • Add titan. ensure you mix thoroughly
  • Add color after diluting the colors with little quantity of water if they’re oxide. Put the color in small ratio and continue turning until you get your desired result, you can always add more if necessary. Mix well
  • Add calcium carbonate and mix thoroughly
  • Add marble dusts, note: there are two types of marble dusts (Smooth and rough)
  • Add P.V.A to the mixture and mix thoroughly.
  •  Add NITROSOL or MILOCEL, Nitrosol and milocel are always in powdery form so it must be diluted with small water before use. Add this mixture gently, while adding ensure you’re stirring thoroughly.
  • Add formalin/ammonia. Turn very well at any addition of a new chemical. (You can use either Ammonia or Formalin or both) CAUTION: The chemicals must be added in the above order and don’t mix Ammonia and formalin together

PRODUCTION OF SATIN PAINT

Satin paint is a smooth paint with a beautiful luster, it has higher Sheen than emulsion paint. It is more reflective and more durable.

MATERIALS

  • Titan………. 2Kg
  • Calgon.      1/4Kg
  • P.V.A.         4Kg (can be increased)
  • Nitrosol or milocel 1/4Kg
  • Formalin or Ammonia 1 liters
  • Deformer.     1 liter
  • Genapor        1 liter
  • Texanon.       1 liter

PRODUCTION PROCEDURES

  • Pour water to half-fill the bucket, add Calgon.
  • Add your Titan
  • Add your favorite color.
  • Add your P.V.A
  • Add your Nitrosol (Just enough to make the paint thicker and drawing)
  • Add Ammonia and/or Formalin, add genapor as usual and finally texanin.

 After this stage your washable paint is ready.

GLOSS PAINT (OIL PAINT)

Gloss paints are used to provide a shiny finish to interior or exterior surfaces, allowing them to stand out. They are produced using oil.

MATERIALS

  • Alkit
  • Titan
  • Kerosene
  • Calgon
  • Color

PRODUCTION PROCEDURE

When producing 20litres.

  • STEP ONE. Pour about one litres of water into your 20litre bucket and add ¼ Kg of Calgon, stir well until all the Calgon dissolves.
  • STEP TWO. Add 2KG of Titan to the mixture and mix well, it will give a gel-like solution.
  • STEP THREE. Add 7KG of Alkit to the mixture and keep stirring, ensure your stir thoroughly.
  • STEP FOUR. Add kerosene to the mixture and stir till you get your desired texture or quantity you want to produce.
  • STEP FIVE. Add paste colour to get your desired colour.

FLEX MATT PAINT

An elastomeric matt emulsion paint formulated to coat interior ceilings and walls. A unique product designed to bridge hairline cracks and flex with the substrate where movement causes cracking with conventional matt emulsion.

MATERIALS

  • Calcium
  • Calgon
  • P.V.A
  • Topper cap
  • Milocel/Nitrosol
  • Deformer
  • Genepor
  • Formalin

PRODUCTION PROCEDURE

Prepare Flex Matt as you do prepare your emulsion and add topper cap before adding P.V.A.. Likewise add your calcium, P.V.A and Milocel in higher quantity than that of emulsion paint.

These training materials are provided by Dixcoat Paints and Agrochemicalsfor further coaching, and further training for commercial productions, the in and out of the business, kindly reach out to us via: 07069655569 or info@idixcover.com and we shall connect you with and also offer technical assistance to assist you in starting your business as soon as possible.

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